The Handbook of Neurophotonics provides a dedicated overview of neurophotonics, covering the use of advanced optical technologies to record, stimulate, and control the activity of the brain, yielding new insight and advantages over conventional tools due to the adaptability and non-invasive nature of light.
Including 30 colour figures, this book addresses functional studies of neurovascular signaling, metabolism, electrical excitation, and hemodynamics, as well as clinical applications for imaging and manipulating brain structure and function. The unifying theme throughout is not only to highlight the technology, but to show how these novel methods are becoming critical to breakthroughs that will lead to advances in our ability to manage and treat human diseases of the brain.
- Provides the first dedicated book on state-of-the-art optical techniques for sensing and imaging across at the cellular, molecular, network, and whole brain levels.
- Highlights how the methods are used for measurement, control, and tracking of molecular events in live neuronal cells, both in basic research and clinical practice.
- Covers the entire spectrum of approaches, from optogenetics to functional methods, photostimulation, optical dissection, multiscale imaging, microscopy, and structural imaging.
- Includes chapters that show use of voltage-sensitive dye imaging, hemodynamic imaging, multiphoton imaging, temporal multiplexing, multiplane microscopy, optoacoustic imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy, and miniature neuroimaging devices to track cortical brain activity.
Francesco S. Pavone is full professor at the University of Florence in the Department of Physics and at the European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), and group leader at the Biophotonics Laboratories. He obtained a PhD in optics in 1993 and spent two years as postdoctoral fellow at the Ecole Normale Superieure with the group of Claude Cohen Tannoudjy (Nobel Prize, 1997). His research group is involved indeveloping new microscopy techniques for high-resolution and high-sensitivity imaging, and laser manipulation purposes. These techniques have been applied in singlemolecule biophysics, single-cell imaging, and optical manipulation. He is also engaged in tissue imaging research, for which nonlinear optical techniques have been applied to skin and neural tissue imaging. He is the author of more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles, has delivered more than 60 invited talks. He coordinates various European projects and has organized international congresses. He is director of the international PhD program at LENS. He is on the editorial board of the journal Neurophotonics and is a principal investigator for the Human Brain Project, an EU Flagship initiative.Shy Shoham is an Associate Professor at the Department of Biomedical Engineering in the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology. He was born in Rehovot, Israel, and holds a B.Sc. degree in Physics from Tel Aviv University and a Ph.D. in Bioengineering from the University of Utah. After completing his Ph.D., he was a Lewis-Thomas postdoctoral fellow at the department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University. In 2005 he joined the Technion's faculty of Biomedical Engineering, where he established the Neural Interface Engineering laboratory. His lab focuses on the development of implant-less retinal prostheses aimed at restoring vision loss from outer-retinal degenerative diseases, and on developing advanced technologies for acoustic neuromodulation, microscopic neuro-imaging and for bioengineering brain-like tissues. He is a recipient of a starting grant from the European Research Council, and of the Daniel Shiran and Juludan awards for engineering advances in bio-medicine, and is a member of the editorial boards of Journal of Neural Engineering, and of Translational Vision Science & Technology.